The term "white paper" comes to us from a year-old practice of government reporting in the UK. When government agencies provided data to Parliament to help them make decisions, they would offer three different types: Very long, comprehensive documents with a blue cover, open-ended reports with a green cover, and short, focused reports on a single topic with white covers. This last type, the concise document with information to solve a problem, came to be the formula for what is now known in many industries as a "white paper. While both publications have their purpose, it is important for the consumer to know how they differ. Today we will compare these two documents in order to help our readers see beyond the surface similarities and become aware of the important differences. On the surface, commercial white papers and scientific papers published in journals appear similar.
Health Information Technology white paper
White Paper - Literature Review Centre
Subject Specialists in your discipline or area of study are available for additional help on literature reviews. A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, dissertations, conference proceedings and other resources which are relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory and provides context for a dissertation by identifying past research. Research tells a story and the existing literature helps us identify where we are in the story currently. It is up to those writing a dissertation to continue that story with new research and new perspectives but they must first be familiar with the story before they can move forward. Greenfield, T. Research methods for postgraduates. London: Arnold.
Andrea Hayward. There are different types of scholarly literature. Some of these require researchers to conduct an original study, whereas others can be based on previously published research.
A white paper sometimes referred to as a white book is a report or guide that informs readers concisely about a complex issue and presents the issuing body's philosophy on the matter. It is meant to help readers understand an issue, solve a problem, or make a decision. The initial British term, concerning a type of government-issued document, has proliferated, taking a somewhat new meaning in business. In business, a white paper is closer to a form of marketing presentation, a tool meant to persuade customers and partners and promote a product or viewpoint.