A literature review is a "comprehensive study and interpretation of literature that addresses a specific topic" Aveyard, The current status of the knowledge or research about a topic, question or experienceA literature review is an opportunity to tell your story by carving a space for your topic and research question in relation to previous studies. In reporting your critical perspective on the relevant literature and identifying a gap that your research will attempt to address, it situates and establishes the importance of your topic or question within the broader academic community in your discipline or field of study:. According to Walsh and Downe , the systematic review "is a robust way of comparing quantitative research and proceeds according to well-determined steps, which include statistical analysis of the pooled results of studies.
Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper
Literature Review Definition: Meaning, Requirements, and Writing Guide
Research methods are specific procedures for collecting and analyzing data. Developing your research methods is an integral part of your research design. When planning your methods, there are two key decisions you will make. First, decide how you will collect data. Your methods depend on what type of data you need to answer your research question :. Table of contents Methods for collecting data Examples of data collection methods Methods for analyzing data Examples of data analysis methods Frequently asked questions about research methods.
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How to write a Literature Review: Literature review process
Organize the literature review into sections that present themes or identify trends, including relevant theory. You are not trying to list all the material published, but to synthesize and evaluate it according to the guiding concept of your thesis or research question. What is a literature review?
In a review of the literature, you do not merely summarize the research findings that others have reported. You must also evaluate and comment on each study's worth and validity. You may find that some published research is not valid. If it also runs counter to your hypothesis, you may want to critique it in your review. Don't just ignore it.