A literature review should be structured like any other essay: it should have an introduction, a middle or main body, and a conclusion. Introduction The introduction should: define your topic and provide an appropriate context for reviewing the literature; establish your reasons — i. For example, if you were reviewing the literature on obesity in children you might say something like: There are a large number of studies of obesity trends in the general population. However, since the focus of this research is on obesity in children, these will not be reviewed in detail and will only be referred to as appropriate. Main body The middle or main body should: organise the literature according to common themes; provide insight into the relation between your chosen topic and the wider subject area e.
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The Literature Review | A Complete Step-by-Step Guide
With such fierce competition for PhD places, your research proposal could have a strong bearing on the success of your application. Discover how to make the best impression. Research proposals are used to persuade potential supervisors and funders that your work is worthy of their support. These documents setting out your Doctoral thesis are typically between 1, and 3, words in length. Your PhD research proposal must passionately articulate what you want to research and why, convey your understanding of existing literature, and clearly define at least one original question and your approach to answering it. While it must be well-structured, your research proposal should retain sufficient flexibility to comfortably accommodate any changes you need to make as your PhD progresses.
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A dissertation or thesis is a long piece of academic writing based on original research, submitted as part of an undergraduate or postgraduate degree. The structure of a dissertation depends on your field, but it is usually divided into at least four or five chapters including an introduction and conclusion chapter. Dissertations in the humanities are often structured more like a long essay , building an argument by analysing primary and secondary sources. Instead of the standard structure outlined here, you might organise your chapters around different themes or case studies. Other important elements of the dissertation include the title page , abstract , and reference list.
Please check course or programme information and materials provided by teaching staff , including your project supervisor, for subject-specific guidance. A literature review is a piece of academic writing demonstrating knowledge and understanding of the academic literature on a specific topic placed in context. A literature review also includes a critical evaluation of the material; this is why it is called a literature review rather than a literature report. To illustrate the difference between reporting and reviewing, think about television or film review articles. Similarly the two main objectives of a literature review are firstly the content covering existing research, theories and evidence, and secondly your own critical evaluation and discussion of this content.