League of Nations. The primary points of the association included demobilization, avoiding war through aggregate security, settling question between nations through transaction and discretion, and enhancing worldwide welfare. Unfortunately, they failed and their failures caused the second world war. Then, after the world war II decided to replace the League of Nations by a new organization. League of Nations and the United Nations are two unique forms of international governance created by world powers out of the same necessity—needing a better format of managing global conflict.
United Nations Theses Samples For Students
Master’s Programmes - United Nations University
Aminzadeh, Elham The United Nations and international peace and security: a legal and practical analysis. PhD thesis, University of Glasgow. The United Nations, as an organisation created by equal sovereign states and built upon a single set of principles as the UN Charter, has the capacity and responsibility to deal with matters in the sphere of international peace and security. The Cold War put an obstacle in the way of the Organisation to use its delegated powers in conflict resolution within the few years of its establishment. As a result, and because of the necessity to deal with international conflicts, the institution of peace-keeping emerged with the aim of deploying forces not to end the aggression, breach of or threat to the peace, but for supervision of cease-fires or providing an interposition force between the belligerents, characterised by impartiality and a limited military capability.
Blue water thesis
Criticism of the United Nations has encompassed numerous arguments regarding various aspects of the organization, such as policy, ideology, equality of representation, administration, ability to enforce rulings, and ideological bias. Oft-cited points of criticism include a perceived lack of the body's efficacy, rampant anti-Semitism , appeasement , collusion , promotion of globalism , inaction , abuse of power by nations exerting general control over the assembly, a number of legislative decisions seen as abandonment of, among other things, the prevention of armed conflict clause s detailed in the Charter of the United Nations , corruption, a total lack of efficacy in both pre-emptive measures and de-escalation of existing conflicts which have ranged from social disputes to all-out wars, and misappropriation of resources. The book criticized what it called the organization's moral relativism in the face of and occasional support of  genocide and terrorism that occurred between the moral clarity of its founding period and the present day. While the UN during its founding period was limited to those countries that declared war on at least one of the Axis powers of World War II , and thus were capable of taking a stand against war, the modern United Nations has, according to Gold, become diluted to the point where only 75 of the member states during the time of the book's publication "were free democracies, according to Freedom House.
The Blue Water Thesis or "Salt Water Thesis" and opposed to the "Belgian Thesis" , was a limited decolonization approach arising from United Nations General Assembly Resolution , which linked self-determination with non-self-governing territories. Belgium, which had given up its own colonial possessions under the new decolonization mandates, then further attempted to secure human rights and self-determination for native peoples, specifying the Native American peoples within the United States as a prominent example. In response, nations including the United States pushed through the idea that, in order to be eligible for decolonization, the presence of "blue water" between the colony and the colonizing country —or, at minimum, a geographically discrete set of boundaries — was needed. There is some confusion as to the use of the three terms, which are at times used interchangeably.