Base isolation is a state-of-the-art method in which the structure superstructure is separated from the base foundation or substructure by introducing a suspension system between the base and the main structure. In context of seismic design of structures, base isolation can be replaced with seismic isolation i. The concept of base isolation is quite easy to grasp. It can be explained as a bird flying during an earthquake is not affected. In simple words if structure is floating on its base, the movement of ground will have no effect on the structure.
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Phonemic Awareness: Concepts and Research
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Seismic Base Isolation
To assess the relationship between various social isolation indicators and loneliness, and to examine the differential associations that social isolation indicators, loneliness have with depressive symptoms. Baseline data for 1, adults aged 21 years and above from a representative health survey in the Central region of Singapore was used for this study. The association between social isolation indicators marital status, living arrangement, social connectedness with relatives and friends and loneliness the three-item UCLA Loneliness were assessed, and their differential associations with depressive symptoms the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 were examined using multiple linear regression, controling for relevant covariates. There was significant overlap between loneliness and social isolation. Social isolation in terms of weak connectedness with relatives and with friends and loneliness were associated with depressive symptoms even after controling for age, gender, employment status and other covariates.